Interview with a Veteran of Hope: Dr. Vincent Harding

17 08 2010

Lauren Casteel and I recently had the honor of meeting with Dr. Vincent Harding, Professor Emeritus at the Iliff School of Theology.  Dr. Harding graciously agreed to talk to us about The Denver Foundation’s Next Decade Project.  Because he was so eloquent, I have decided not to try to paraphrase his words.  Instead, I am presenting this in interview format.  We did not tape record the conversation, so Dr. Harding’s comments are not reported verbatim.  However, he reviewed, edited, and approved them before we posted this.  This is a long post; I encourage you to read the whole thing if you have time. 

Denver Foundation: Thank you for agreeing to let us pick your brain about the future of The Denver Foundation and philanthropic needs in our community.

Dr. Harding: You may pick my brain as long as you also pick my heart.

Your question has touched a spigot.  The first thing that came to my mind was a conversation my wife Rose and I had with María Guajardo when we first came to Denver in 1981.  María reminded us that demographers were predicting that Denver was a few decades ahead of the United States in terms of its diversity.  Therefore, what we do here is not limited to our city.  We in Denver can make a contribution to the entire country.

I am currently writing an article for Sojourners magazine about the famous “I Have a Dream” speech by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.  Martin said he dreamt of a time when his children will be judged by the content of their character and not the color of their skin.  The question that follows is how do you measure the content of a person’s character?  You must know that person as an equal, as a fellow human being.  We do not have the social or other structures to draw us into the encounters which will make it possible for us to be able to measure each other’s character.

Secondly, Martin dreamt of the time when little black and white girls and boys will be able to join hands.  Here again, the question is how they can get close enough to join hands when society today is pulling them apart.

So, this is on my mind when I think about what our community needs.  The Denver Foundation should convene people frequently.  The foundation should help to measure the character of people and to bring children close enough to be able to join hands.  Children start out with the need to join hands, but they can be discouraged by silence and by the absence of opportunities for touching and being touched.   

The Denver Foundation: What could the process of bridge building mean?  How do you practice the process of building common ground? Is the current economic and political environment changing this?  

Dr. Harding: The United States Social Forum recently met in Detroit.  This is a group of community organizers whose manifesto, which started in Brazil, says, “Another world is possible.”  They’re developing models for what a post-industrial city should look like and be like.  Grace Boggs, widow of the late Jimmy Boggs, is a first generation Chinese-American who speaks about this.  She notes that there are two aspects of the Chinese character for crisis: a time of great danger and a time of great opportunity.

The Great Depression caused a lot of pain but also generated a lot of creativity.

A West African, during the liberation struggles against colonialism in the 1960s, said, “I am a citizen of a country that does not yet exist.”  You have to dream something before it can happen.

The Gardening Angels are a group of African-Americans in Detroit who moved there from the South.  They are teaching young children about community gardens.  They are one image that comes to my mind.  Schools in Detroit are now developing school gardens, where food goes straight into the school lunch program.  Look for opportunities for children to do things creatively together.

In our Ambassadors of Hope Project, we had diverse teens living together for a few weeks on the University of Denver campus.  None of these kids had ever lived with people from a different racial group.  One of these teens is now a youth organizer for Padres Unidos.  There, he is trying to bring black and brown children together.  We can help dozens of young people like him.

What kind of education is necessary to nurture young people who will be leaders in the development of a multiracial, compassionate democratic society? How do you create compassionate democratic leaders? How do you nurture people who can lead a multiracial society?  The Denver Foundation, located in a city like this, is well positioned to help with this work.

You do not become democratic just by being born here.  The democratic spirit has to be nurtured and developed.

Until Montgomery, most of us in the North (black and white) looked at rural southern black people as being somewhat backward.  Those people surprised us and became the heart of the movement to transform our entire nation.  “At risk” kids are really children of promise.

The Denver Foundation: We are increasingly concerned about boys in our society.  What do you think?

Dr. Harding: I have seen what great things young men can do.  But they have to be surrounded by people who value them.  We need to encourage young men to be all that they can be.  The New Jim Crow talks about how the U.S. penal system is turning young men into outcasts without any sense of future.  The author talks about the school-to- prison pipeline.

The Denver Foundation: How can The Denver Foundation do this work without being top down?

Dr. Harding: Start with people like Terrance Roberts from Prodigal Son and women from Mi Casa who are already working in the community.  The Denver Foundation should be honest brokers.  Bring together people from multiple generations, from separated communities.

The Denver Foundation:  For the last four years, we have hosted a paid internship program for college students to work in local nonprofit organizations.  We focus on students from groups that have been historically underrepresented in the nonprofit sector.

Dr. Harding: This sounds like a great program.  You should ask your interns what is their purpose now.  Many of them have overcome huge obstacles.  The question is, what next?  Do they want to be famous or make money, or do they want to help create the country that does not yet exist?

I remember that in the years before the Southern Freedom (Civil Rights) Movement picked up momentum many black (and some white) southerners dealt with the terrors and injustices of white supremacy by leaving the south.  It was only after a new generation of young people decided to stay and work for change that the south and the nation could be transformed.  (For instance, Martin Luther King declined numerous job offers in the North in order to return to the South.)  The work is clearly not complete but it could not have been begun unless a generation decided to stay and commit themselves to the dangerous and magnificent work of change.  I believe the same commitment, vision and courage are needed to creatively transform our urban areas—South, North, East and West including Denver, Colorado.  I don’t think that it’s wise to give our best and brightest young people the signal that their ultimate goal should be to escape from their home communities.  Young people who do succeed in overcoming difficult circumstances should do more than just buy their momma a house.  We need to encourage them to help transform the communities from which they came.

The Denver Foundation: How can The Denver Foundation do this?

Dr. Harding: For starters, find people like me who have been through that experience who can talk to them, also, give people regular opportunities to come together.  We need to develop new institutions for nurturing people – this used to be done by families, churches and schools.  Your internship program sounds good, but do not drop them at the end of the summer.

The Denver Foundation: Who has been most influential in you life?

Dr. Harding: There are so many people: my mother, my wife, my daughter, and many of my teachers.

The Denver Foundation: What role do you think The Denver Foundation should play in education?

Dr. Harding: The Denver Foundation should help to create a humane public-school education experience for the children of this city.  Young people have to be nurtured in the meaning and beauty of multiracial democratic life.  People have discomfort taking on issues of race and class in America.  We have to address these questions with our young people.  Something has to be done to help teachers talk creatively about race and the gifts of a multiracial society.

— David Miller, President and CEO, The Denver Foundation





Boys Face Challenges

7 07 2010

“Well I talk about boys now, what a bundle of joy.” – Ringo Starr singing the Beatles song “Boys.”

A recent Lilith magazine cover boldly stated, BOYS ARE THE NEW GIRLS.” The current issue of The Atlantic has a fascinating article titled, “The End of Men.” 

When I first got involved with foundations nearly 20 years ago, there was great concern about girls. I worked closely with Swanee Hunt, founder of The Hunt Alternatives Fund, and Lauren Casteel, President of The Hunt Alternatives Fund.

Among the many issues of interest to Swanee and Lauren at the time was “girls.” Swanee was one of the founders of the Women’s Foundation of Colorado and Lauren was one of its early Board members. They were concerned about many ways in which females lagged behind males, including pay scales, glass ceilings, and elective office. The Hunt Alternatives Fund worked on a variety of projects aimed at helping girls, such as trying to reduce the math and science achievement gap and trying to reduce teen pregnancies.

Today, as evidenced by Lilith and The Atlantic, there is a growing concern about boys.

Less than 43% of college students in the United States today are males. Scholarship programs in Colorado and elsewhere struggle mightily to find enough qualified boys. The high school dropout rate for boys is dramatically higher than for girls. And, needless to say, there are far more young males than females in prison. For boys of color and boys from lower socio-economic groups, the disparities are even larger and more disturbing. These boys, as Lauren says, are “canaries in the mine.” Recently, former Colorado First Lady Dottie Lamm wrote a powerful column in the Denver Post about boys.  She asked, “If the advocacy efforts to move middle-school and high-school girls into math and sciences… in the 1980s and 90s paid off, why wouldn’t a similar effort work on behalf of boys’ literacy in elementary school?” Several years ago, Dottie Lamm was the leading feminist in Colorado. For her to talk about boys in this way is truly stunning.

No one is suggesting that the glass ceilings have been shattered. No one is suggesting that there is complete equality between men and women in the workplace. But, clearly we as a society are not doing enough to help boys succeed. I think we need to focus on both boys and girls. And, we need to focus on all ages, from infancy through college.

As we as a society strive to help all children succeed, is there a role for The Denver Foundation related to boys? Is this something The Denver Foundation should get involved in when we do our next Strategic Plan?

— David Miller, President and CEO, The Denver Foundation





Lessons Learned from Inclusiveness, Part Two

5 04 2010

Last week, I wrote about what I’ve learned as The Denver Foundation has worked to build inclusiveness in our own organization and promote the practice throughout the nonprofit sector. 

Here are a few more key lessons I’ve learned…to learn more visit the website for our Inclusiveness Project.

Failing to be culturally sensitive can be disastrous.  Inclusiveness entails cultural competency.  Chevrolet tried to market the Nova in Latin America without realizing that “no va” in Spanish means “it does not go.”  No wonder sales lagged! 

Being able to put yourself in another person’s shoes is an essential life skill.  Males will never know what it is like to be female and vice versa.  White people will never know what it is like to be a person of color and vice versa.  Nevertheless, there is great value in striving to appreciate the worldviews of others.  When seeking to understand discrimination experienced by others, it helps me to consider what it would be like if there were discrimination against people like me.

When I worked in state government, we could appreciate how local governments felt toward us, because that is how we felt toward the federal government.  Similarly, we could appreciate how the federal government felt toward us, because that is how we felt toward local governments.  This attitude made us better advocates, negotiators, and partners. 

Color blindness does not work. In theory, a color-blind approach to life is appealing.  In reality, color blindness is neither practical nor possible.  None of us can separate ourselves from our race, our gender, or certain other characteristics.  Those of us who come from the “dominant” white, male culture may find this hard to understand and accept, but most women and members of minority groups feel passionately that their gender, race, or ethnicity cannot be ignored.  Instead of dismissing our differences, we would benefit more by celebrating them and using them for the greater good. 

The more we learn about inclusiveness, the more we realize we have yet to learn.  Working on inclusiveness is like baking cookies for decades (see last week’s post for the cookie-baking analogy!).  It is a long, usually-enjoyable process that requires considerable patience, and it is well worth the effort.  Authentic, respectful relationships in personal, professional, and community life aren’t easy, but they are tremendously meaningful.

Our similarities as human beings far outweigh our differences.  All of us have the same basic needs and desires.  We all want food, clothing, shelter, a job, our health, and a better life for our children.  We are all in the same boat – planet earth.  We are all in this together. 

If you have similar lessons or thoughts about inclusiveness, I hope you’ll post a comment and continue the conversation.

 David Miller is President and CEO of The Denver Foundation.





Lessons Learned from Working on Inclusiveness

29 03 2010

When I was young, I used to watch my grandmother bake cookies.  Many of her recipes, including my favorite (chocolate-dipped vanilla-cream sugar cookies) had dozens of ingredients, dozens of steps, and took many hours to complete.  Working on inclusiveness reminds me of being in my grandmother’s kitchen.  The processes of both baking and inclusiveness work are challenging and enjoyable, but they require patience and perseverance to reap the big rewards. 

The Denver Foundation has been promoting and supporting inclusiveness for most of the past decade, both in the nonprofit sector through our Inclusiveness Project and within our own organization.  We learned early on that inclusiveness is much more than just diversity.  Inclusive organizations are learning-centered organizations that value the perspectives and contributions of all people.  Inclusiveness refers to the entire culture of a nonprofit organization, including its mission, board, staff, donors, volunteers, and programs. 

When we first began this initiative, one of the business leaders on our board said, “It’s about time! Many businesses have been doing this for years.”  Indeed, the business sector is generally way ahead of the nonprofit sector regarding inclusiveness, and with good reason.  The demographic changes in our society are profound, ranging from the aging of baby boomers to many states becoming majority minority.  Inclusiveness makes good business sense and is a way for organizations to prepare for the future.

Through our internal efforts, we have explored how issues of race, gender, people living with disabilities, sexual orientation, generational differences, and socio economics affect our work.  In this post and the next, I’ll share some of the lessons I’ve learned from this work over the years:

Hire people who are different.  When interviewing people for a job, I used to ask what magazines they read regularly or what books they had read most recently.  Consciously or subconsciously, I was attracted to those who share my love for reading, particularly those with eclectic tastes.  I have come to realize that many people learn in ways other than reading books and magazines.  The workplace is richer when we hire people whose skills complement rather than reinforce ours.  Our Help Desk Technician, who cannot hear or speak, has superb computer skills and superb communication skills.  Often, he “sees” things that others in the office miss.

Varied perspectives generally lead to better results.  President Lincoln is known for surrounding himself with a Cabinet whose backgrounds and views diverged widely.  He listened to and incorporated many different viewpoints before making important decisions.  Likewise, we have created a Philanthropic Leadership Committee, comprised of representatives from our Board of Directors (both present and past) as well as Foundation staff of all levels.  In making decisions that affect the community, we value the perspectives of each individual.

In today’s workplace, younger people might look at a draft marketing brochure and feel it is boring; older people might look at it and feel that the type is too small to read.  The final result can be a product that appeals to all age groups.

Next week, I’ll share more lessons learned on this important journey.

David Miller is President and CEO of The Denver Foundation.